American Academy of English Diagnosis of Bronchopneumonia Amongst Children Case Study

Attached. Please let me know if you have any questions or need revisions.Running Head: Diagnosis of Bronchopneumonia1Sultanate of OmanMinistry Of HealthOman College of Health SciencesChild Health Nursing –practicum courseDiagnosis of Bronchopneumonia amongst childrenDiagnosis of Bronchopneumonia2Diagnosis of BronchopneumoniaGeneral InformationPneumonia is a type of respiratory infection that affects the lungs. The infection can beeither viral, fungal, or bacteria, leading to swelling in the alveoli (Normandin, 2019).Bronchopneumonia is a type of pneumonia that mainly affects children. This kind of pneumoniablocks the airwaves causing difficulty in breathing. It mostly common among children aged 5years and below (Villarreal, 2018). This infection takes the credit for over 85% of respiratorydeath amongst children. Bronchopneumonia is also common among older adults over the age of65 (Villarreal, 2018). This makes it the leading cause of death when it comes to infectiousdiseases.This kind of infection has also been found to be common after surgical operations. It isone of the complications that are attached to the surgery. This is due to the patient’s unconsciousbreathing, making it easy to inhale already infected material from the mouth or nose. Thedepression caused temporarily on the patient may give the microorganisms a chance to buildthemselves on their lungs. The associated pain with the abdominal wall movement affects thenormal air movement in the lungs’ lower parts, leading to pneumonia.I choose this study due to the seriousness that I have witnessed in the last few months. I currentlyhave one severe case that I have been working on. The patients have shown symptoms that leadto the diagnosis of bronchopneumonia.A 4-year-old girl, she was born normal and has never exhibited any medicalcomplications before. The girl was admitted on 7th March 2021 with severe bronchopneumonia.The symptoms she exhibited were chest pain, blood spots when coughing, shortness of breath,Diagnosis of Bronchopneumonia3accumulation of secretion on airwaves, sweating, loss of appetite, and diarrhea. There is norelevant family history connected to the sickness.Critical thinking questionsWhat is the best way to create trust between the family and the child? Creating trust withany person is determined by the approach taken. I will ensure I always smile when talking to thechild and the family members. To make the child feel safe, I first started a conversation with thefather. I then created a conversation by asking her to show me how to play the game on herfather’s phone. As she showed me, she started to talk to me with a smile, assuring me that shetrusts me.1. What is the best approach that worked in this case?Because the sickness was found to be due to bacterial infection, the best approach is to use strongantibiotics to kill the bacteria that are harmful to the body (Kandola, 2018). The use ofpainkillers will also be necessary to calm muscle aches and fever. I also advise the parents toensure the child takes a lot of fluids to reduce coughing discomfort, and finally, the child needs alot of rest to recover quickly (Kandola, 2018).2. Any relevant history/family history/ birth history related to the child’s currentcondition?•The child was born normally with a weight of 3.2 kg without any medicalcondition.•No relevant past information•No surgical history with the patient.•No relevant family historyPathophysiologyDiagnosis of Bronchopneumonia4The child has been experiencing flu-like symptoms for 1 week. The parents found theurgency to bring her to the hospital after she started struggling with her breath. As she wascoughing, there were spots of blood noticed. The child also has a high fever and diarrhea.Physical ExanimationAfter creating a good relationship with the child, it was much easier to approach her towards thephysical examination. Below are the results and conclusion after the examination.1. Temperature: The girl had a high temperature of 39ºC. The high temperature createdthe need to control it immediately. I had to give the child paracetamol syrup to control thefever as we continue with the test.2. Weight: The girl had a normal weight of 14 kg. Being a 4-year-old kid, the weight isnutritionally ok.3. Height: The girl is also of normal weight of 112 cm.Abnormal results•As I was examining the child, I noticed some difficulty breathing with mucusaccumulated on the nose and the trachea. The child was breathing with a cracking voice.The child was also coughing with some blood spots. The girl was also very vocal aboutthe chest pains that she has been feeling.•The kid also had difficulty while breathing. This was seen because she had to breathethrough the mouth to support the so congested nose.•The child was also experiencing fatigue and muscle pain. She could hardly walk withstability.•The child’s nutrition health was normal, which is advantageous for her immunity isstable. This will help in ensuring the administered medication works perfectly.Diagnosis of Bronchopneumonia5Development Milestone AssessmentGross motorThe child is at a perfect motor. She plays w…

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