SOLUTION AT My Australian Academy
You are required to propose 4 different scenarios to the following questions: (2 scenarios for part a and 2 scenarios for part b)
Area effect munitions achieve their lethal effect through a combination of bothblast and fragmentation.a. Present the engineering design required for the fragmentation andblast effect of such munitions.(Note: you may wish to choose a specific target to focus your designsolutions.)b. Critically evaluate the effectiveness of blast/fragmentation munitionson various structural targets and potential mitigation measures.
“goodness” is the same property as “pleasantness”, or the same property as being “desirable”. Further, a correct property must be identified to fill in an identity statement of the form “goodness = __________”, or, “what is good is _________”. This kind of identity statement can be correct only if both terms on either side of the identity sign are synonyms for proficient speakers who understand both terms. Synonymy of the two terms is then tested through substitution of a term. Moore’s idea is that substitution of synonyms for one another preserves the original proposition that a sentence expresses. For example, using the sentence: “what is good is pleasant.” For this to pass Moore’s test, the sentence would have to express the same thing as “what is pleasant is pleasant.” Moore believed it was obvious that these two sentences do not express the same proposition. In thinking that what is good is pleasant, Moore thought one is not only thinking that what is pleasant is pleasant. According to Moore, there is an “open question” as to whether what is good is pleasant, and it can be understood when someone doubts the generated statement. However, there is no “open question” as to whether what is pleasant is pleasant, because this analytic truth cannot be doubted. Therefore, Moore thought that no substitution will pass the test. Therefore, there is no natural property of “goodness”. In other words, according to Moore and his open question argument, “goodness” is a non-natural property. Objections to the open question argument include the fact that Moore assumes that an analysis essentially cannot be informative. It is also possible that “good” and some natural property Y have the same reference but different senses. If that were the case, “good” might refer to the same thing that “pleasure” does but still mean a different thing. Most importantly however, according to W. Frankena, Moore “begs the question”, as his premises assume the truth of the conclusion, rather than supporting it. Finally, Moore would run into the same trap as everyone else as he sought to prove that “goodness” is a non-natural property, but the open question argument can apply as much to that definition as it can to any naturalistic definition.>
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