Review Building information

Safety Science 101 (2018) 11–18

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Review Building information modeling and safety management: A systematic review María D. Martínez-Airesa,⁎, Mónica López-Alonsob, María Martínez-Rojasc a Department Building Construction, University of Granada, Advanced Technical School for Building Engineering, C/ Severo Ochoa s/n, 18171 Granada, Spain b Department of Construction and Engineering Projects, University of Granada, Higher Technical School of Civil Engineering, C/ Severo Ochoa s/n, 18171 Granada, Spain c Department of Economics and Business Administration, School of Industrial Engineering, University of Málaga, C/ Doctor Ortiz Ramos s/n 29071, Málaga, Spain

Keywords: Building information model Construction Safety Management Schedule
Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) in building construction remains a worldwide problem in terms of workplace injury, illness and fatality statistics. Construction Safety requires care and planning throughout the project life-cycle, from the design phase to maintenance. Initial attempts to improve OHS consider the safety aspects in the design phase and the development of manual safety processes in the execution phase. The ap-plication of Building Information Modeling (BIM) is currently experiencing rapid growth in construction op-erations, planning and management, as well as in Safety Management. Thanks to the use of this new tool, we can expect to see a change in the way that safety is addressed, as seen in the literature review, based on the large number of contributions in recent years. This study reviews the existing literature surrounding BIM and Construction Safety in order to explore both useful findings and the gaps in knowledge for future research. The main result shows that the growing im-plementation of BIM in the Architecture, Engineering and Construction (AEC) industry is changing the way safety can be approached. Potential safety hazards can be automatically identified and corresponding prevention methods can be applied using an automated approach.

  1. Introduction
    When comparing workplace accidents in the EU over a period from 2008 to 2016, the construction sector presents the highest number of fatal accidents (Eurostat, 2016). Several factors contribute to these statistics (Haslam et al., 2003; Gibb et al., 2006) and result in many safety hazards which may arise at any given stage of the construction process (Gibb et al., 2006; Qi et al., 2014). In recent years, different technologies and construction methods have been developed with the aim of providing new ways of enhancing safety management throughout the whole project lifecycle. The objec-tive is to improve rather than replace, management-driven safety (Teizer et al., 2010). For example, all this helps to identify human errors and deal with them quickly in order to prevent construction accidents, as well as predicting, planning, and controlling the schedule. Since 1991, different studies have highlighted the possibility of linking the CAD and planning process (Cherneff et al., 1991) as an alternative to mock-ups, and have looked at the opportunities that are available in the near term data (Tatum et al., 1994). Nowadays, the most flourishing technology in the construction sector is Building Information Modeling (BIM). This technology is a new approach to design, construction, and facilities management, wherein a
    digital representation of the building process is used to facilitate the exchange and interoperability of information (Eastman et al., 2011). Due to its increasing power, BIM has also been adopted by most of the commercial CAD software, like, for example: Autodesk Revit (2017), ArchiCAD (2017) and Allplan (2017). Currently, as reflected in the literature, there are many proposals that use BIM technology to assist with different construction manage-ment tasks. Despite this, the construction industry is a sector which is typically slow to accept changes; the adoption of BIM has only just begun to take off around the world in recent years (Silva et al., 2016). Through the use of BIM, conventional 3D or four-dimensional (4D) models become an nD model that incorporates multiple aspects of de-sign information required at each stage of the lifecycle of a project (Ding et al., 2014; Shou et al., 2015). In the early 1990s, Mattila et al. (1994) predicted that there was a need to study the connections between good management, in general, and safety. Since then, many studies related to safety management have been developed. The overall interest surrounding BIM and its applica-tions mean a wide variety of attempts have been made, some of which have also addressed occupational safety issues. The main objective of this paper is to review existing proposals in this field of research in order to identify the applications and evolution
    ⁎ Corresponding author. E-mail addresses: [email protected] (M.D. Martínez-Aires), [email protected] (M. López-Alonso), [email protected] (M. Martínez-Rojas). Received 30 October 2015; Received in revised form 6 February 2017; Accepted 16 August 2017
    Available online 24 August 2017 0925-7535/ © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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